How to maintain Ano-Rectal Health?

1)Eat high fiber diet-more fruits,vegetables &whole grain.This would make the stool soft &increase its bulk.This would lessen the straining at stools which cause piles or worsens already existing one.
2)Plenty of oral fluids sufficiently that your urine is light yellow or clear like water.
3)Exercise- Stay active to reduce pressure on veins which occurs because of prolonged standing or sitting.Take frequent short walks.Excercises also helps to reduce weight which contributes to the development of piles.
4)Avoid long period of sitting or standing esp refrain from reading while sitting on the toilet which can increase the pressure in the veins.
5)Schedule time in a day for your bowel movement as a daily routine always helps.Modifying your daily activities to practice healthy bowel habits will help you in the long run to maintain anorectal health.
6)Go to the bathroom as soon as you have the urge because if you wait and the urge goes away,then the stool tends to become dry and hard.Avoid straining at stools.Relax and give yourself time to let things happen naturally.Refrain from holding your breath while passing stools which could again increase the pressure in the veins.
7)Avoid lifting heavy weights frequently.If you must lift weights,always exhale during the act and never hold your breath when you lift.