Anal Fistula

When an irregular false tract occurs between the inside of the rectum and the outside skin surface, an Anal Fistula forms. The anal fistula is classified according to the condition of the tract and the relation of the internal opening to the anal sphincter muscle. Most commonly, this condition develops because of an anal abscess that went untreated. The anal abscess itself is usually the result of a small gland that becomes infected.

The most common symptoms are pain, recurrent swelling, pus discharge and discomfort during the discharge of stool. The most common treatment in India is a surgical treatment; the most common method is the minimally invasive Video Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment.


What causes anal fistulas?

It usually occurs as a result of some damage to the tissue around the anus. It begins as a sort of inflammation in the rectal area. Later, it becomes an abscess which gets regularly infected and reinfected by faeces. This causes the fistula to form near the anus. If the fistula seals over, pus can start accumulating. Because of this pus-drain, anal fistulas can be very painful.

Anal fistulas usually occur because of:

  • An injury caused by constipation
  • Anal glands becoming infected
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Abscess of the large intestine


What are the typical symptoms of anal-fistula?
  • Swelling around the anal area
  • Redness around the rectal area
  • Pus drainage
  • Rectal pain


This condition is usually treated surgically and the most modern Fistula Treatment in Mumbai is the minimally invasive Video Assisted Anal Fistula Treatment.